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What Is Laminate Flooring and How Is It Made

Views: 6     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-06-21      Origin: Site

What Is Laminate Flooring and How Is It Made


What is laminate flooring? What is the construction? What is the durability?  These are all questions that we get asked when it comes to laminate, and we are here to set the record straight.

Laminate flooring is a popular choice in the consumer market, and comes in a wide range of finishes from wood to natural so you can craft the look and feel of your room. This product is great for entry ways, hallways, and living rooms.



Laminate Flooring  Structures


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Laminate flooring is actually constructed of 4 layers:Overly Paper,Decoretive Paper, Balance Paper,MDF/HDF. Each layer serves a distinct purpose and are fused together using high heat and intense pressure. Below is a break down of these layers.


The Layers of Laminate Flooring Explained

The bottom most layer is known as the backer balancing layer (D) . This layer is what gives the board a straight base and provides basic balance and stability. Sometimes there is an attached underlayment (E) underneath this backing layer. Whether there is attached underlayment depends on the manufacturer, but it is a completely optional layer.


The core of the laminate is known as the high density fiberboard (HDF) core (C). Wood fibers are taken and combined with additives such as resins and waxes to increase strength and durability. These fibers are then shaped into a plank and pressed together under very high pressure to create the core plank of laminate flooring.


A decorative paper layer (B) is added to the top of the HDF core. This decorative layer can be absolutely any design, color, and pattern, giving laminate flooring endless design possibilities. This high quality decorative layer is what makes laminate look so realistic and natural.


The decorative layer is coated with a wear layer (A). The wear layer is an aluminum oxide coating that gives the laminate shine and protection. The surface is sealed through this layer and protected from UV damage, scratches, and scuffs. The wear layer is available in a number of finishes, depending on what floor is being produced. Different wear layers are also applied to create different AC ratings. The higher the AC rating, the more durable the floor will be.


These layers are combined to create one seamless surface. After the planks are made, the edges are cut to create locking systems which are then fitted back together again during installation.


If you’re really curious, Clic kronoswiss’s laminate flooring production press line


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